Gross motor (physical) skills are those which require whole body movement and which involve the large (core stabilizing) muscles of the body to perform everyday functions, such as standing and walking, running and jumping, and sitting upright at the table. They also include eye-hand coordination skills such as ball skills (throwing, catching, kicking) as well as riding a bike or a scooter and swimming.
Why are gross motor skills important?
Gross motor skills are important to enable children to perform everyday functions, such as walking and running, playground skills (e.g. climbing) and sporting skills (e.g. catching, throwing and hitting a ball with a bat). However, these are crucial for everyday self-care skills like dressing (where you need to be able to stand on one leg to put your leg into a pant leg without falling over) and climbing into and out of a car or even getting into and out of bed.
Gross motor abilities also have an influence on other everyday functions. For example, a child’s ability to maintain appropriate table top posture (upper body support) will affect their ability to participate in fine motor skills (e.g. writing, drawing and cutting) and sitting upright to attend to class instruction, which then impacts on their academic learning. Gross motor skills impact on your endurance to cope with a full day of school (sitting upright at a desk, moving between classrooms, carrying your heavy school bag). They also impact your ability to navigate your environment (e.g. walking around classroom items such as a desk, up a sloped playground hill or to get on and off a moving escalator). Without fair gross motor skills, a child will struggle with day to day tasks such as a eating, packing away their toys, and getting onto and off the toilet or a potty.
We at Little Academy Nursery are aware of the importance of developing the gross motor skills at early ages, so our educational programs include time dedicated to activities that contribute to the development of children’s motor skills through a set of tools that help them build their small and large muscles so we have plenty of indoor and outdoor rooms for them to play hard and challenge their muscles. (Gym room and gym equipment that is imported from the UK, balance beam and obstacle courses equipment, outdoor slide and climb areas, balls with different sizes to practice catch, kick and throw, variety of ride on toys like tricycles, scooters, cars, etc…)
What do difficulties with gross motor skill difficulties commonly look life?
Children with gross motor difficulties commonly display:
- Avoidance or general disinterest in physical tasks
- Rush task performance of physical tasks (to mask difficulty or fatigue)
- Silly task performance of physical task they find challenging
- Bossiness in telling others how to do the physical task or play the game without actively engaging themselves